AI helps understand consciousness and the brain.
The utilization of Artificial Intelligence has brought about significant transformations in various industries. A notable example is the medical industry, where AI has enabled the mapping of an adult animal's brain for the first time.
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AI helps understand consciousness and the brain. Revolutionizing the Study of the Brain
The brain is a complex organ that controls various bodily functions such as thought, memory, emotion, touch, motor skills, vision, breathing, temperature, and hunger. Due to its fundamental role in the body, understanding the brain is crucial for scientists and doctors, especially in the field of medicine. However, mapping the brain has been a challenge due to its complexity. Fortunately, advancements in AI have enabled a team of neuroscientists and computer scientists from prestigious universities to map the brain of a fruit fly, creating the first complete brain connectome for an adult animal. This breakthrough provides unique insights into thought processing and behavior by displaying every neuron and its connection. The blueprint of neurons that the fruit fly connectome provides will allow future research to focus on and isolate their area of interest, leading to more efficient experiments and testing of hypotheses. Furthermore, the map showed circuit characteristics that were evocative of machine learning designs, which may even influence future artificial intelligence. AI helps understand consciousness and the brain.
AI’s Role in Understanding Thought and Behavior
Researchers fed artificial intelligence (AI) 2D scans of small brain slices to create a 3D image block that follows the connections and branches made by the neurons across the brain slices. However, human experts had to carefully inspect the AI's work, making over 3 million edits to prevent the AI from making errors. Despite this, there are still artifacts that the AI has never seen before, which can lead to mistakes. While the discovery of a blueprint of a human brain would be a powerful advancement in science and medicine, neuroscientists are still years away from mapping a human brain. Currently, the team is working on creating a connectome of a mouse's brain, which has about 86 billion neurons, a thousand times larger than that of a fruit fly. A blueprint of a human brain would accelerate other advancements, such as the diagnosis and treatment of neurological and mental disorders, among others.
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